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Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms & Treatment
What is Urinary Tract Infection

What is Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)?

Urinary tract infections (UTI), also known as urinary system infections, generally occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract and multiply. UTIs typically manifest along the urinary tract, including the urethra, bladder, or kidneys.

Urinary Tract Infections Types

Urethritis: It is the infection of the urethra, the tube responsible for eliminating urine from the body. Urethritis often presents itself with symptoms such as urethral discharge, a burning sensation during urination, pain, or discomfort.

Bladder infection (cystitis): This refers to an infection in the bladder. It occurs when bacteria reach the bladder and multiply there. Cystitis can result in symptoms like increased frequency of urination, a burning sensation, pain, and cloudy or foul-smelling urine.

Kidney infection (pyelonephritis): It is an infection affecting the kidneys. Pyelonephritis occurs when bacteria reach the kidneys and cause an infection. It can present with distinct symptoms like significant back or flank pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, among others.

The most commonly encountered type of UTI is cystitis, where bacteria typically progress from the urethra towards the bladder, affecting the bladder. Less frequently, UTIs can spread to the kidneys.

UTI symptoms are more commonly observed in women compared to men, largely due to the belief that the urethral opening in women is shorter, making it easier for bacteria to move from the urethra to the bladder.

Urinary Tract Infection Causes

UTIs usually occur when bacteria enter and multiply in one or more areas of the urinary tract. Factors contributing to UTIs include weakened protective mechanisms in the urinary tract or an increased influx of bacteria into the urinary tract.

UTIs are not contagious and do not spread from person to person. However, causes of UTIs may include:

Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms

Urinary Tract Infection Diagnosis

Urinary tests are performed for the microbiological examination of urine. The urine sample is tested in the laboratory for bacteria, leukocytes (inflammatory cells), and other possible infection indicators. A doctor may request a urine culture. This test helps identify the types of bacteria present in the urine and determine which antibiotic might be most effective in treating the infection. In rare cases of recurrent or complicated UTIs, the doctor might request further detailed evaluation of the kidneys and urinary tract through ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), or other imaging tests.

Urinary Tract Infection Treatment

Urinary tract infections are usually treated with antibiotics. The treatment for UTIs is determined by the doctor based on factors such as the severity of symptoms, the location of the infection, and the individual's health condition.

Preventive Measures for Urinary Tract Infections

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